Image: Guide to the Ralph W. Barnes papers
Guide to the Ralph W. Barnes papers
Ralph W. Barnes papers
Ralph W. Barnes
Esther Barnes
E.T. Barnes
Photographs

Guide to the Ralph W. Barnes papers

Title

Guide to the Ralph W. Barnes papers

Summary

This collection contains materials that relate to Ralph W. Barnes’ fourteen year career as a foreign correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune. Barnes reported in Europe from 1926 to 1940, and was stationed in Benito Mussolini’s Italy, Joseph Stalin’s Russia, and Adolf Hitler’s Germany. The collection includes items related to Barnes’ career as well as his personal life. Correspondence, journals, and scrapbooks created by his wife, Esther Barnes are also included. The majority of Barnes’ published stories are documented in scrapbooks created by his father, E.T. Barnes. A notable item in this collection is a letter from Joseph Stalin to Barnes, written in 1933.

Source Format

Collection Guide

Date

1918-1943

1926-1940

Repository

Willamette University University Archives and Special Collection

Repository Address

900 State Street; Salem, Oregon; 97301 USA; Phone: 503/370/6845; Fax: 503/370/6141; Email: archives@willamette.edu; URL: http://library.willamette.edu/archives/

Location of Collection

Mark O. Hatfield Library

Collection Number

WUA016

Language

Materials are in English.

Arrangement

These records are arranged into four series based upon creator. Each series is ordered by the type of material and is in chronological order.

Biographical/Historical Note

Ralph Waldo Barnes was born on June 14, 1899 in Salem, Oregon to Edward Talbot Barnes and Mabel Nancy Baker Barnes. Barnes attended local public schools and graduated from Salem High School in 1917. The summer after graduation Barnes took military training at St. John’s Military Academy in Delafield, Wisconsin. He returned to Salem in the fall of 1918 to begin studies at Willamette University, but his studies were interrupted when his military reserve unit was called for training at Fort McArthur in Waco, Texas. He returned to Willamette and graduated in 1922 with a degree in history. After receiving a Master’s degree in Economics from Harvard University, Barnes returned to Salem to marry his longtime sweetheart, Esther Parounagian, who had graduated from Willamette in 1923.

In 1924, Barnes and Esther moved to New York City where he found a job working for the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. A brief stretch with the Evening World allowed Barnes to leverage himself into a position with the New York Herald Tribune, which he held from 1924 until his death in 1940.

His first assignment as a foreign correspondent took him to Paris, France in 1926. In 1930 Barnes was given a promotion and transferred to Rome, Italy where he reported under the rule of Benito Mussolini. In May of 1930, Esther gave birth to a daughter named Joan in Italy. Almost a year later, Barnes was transferred to Russia during the height of Joseph Stalin’s government. He was assigned to the Moscow bureau where he reported from 1931 to 1935. Barnes was an avid reader and heavily supplemented his news reporting with background research. During his first month in Moscow, he wrote to his father “My Britannica is not here yet

hope to have it within a couple of weeks

for, without it, I feel like a nearsighted man who has lost his spectacles.” In the fall of 1931, a second daughter, Suzanne, was born while Esther and Joan were in Paris.

Barnes was conscious of his unique position in Russia, “Here I’m one of a few observers of what is undoubtedly the most important experiment of this century

and perhaps for several centuries

either for good or bad.” He carried this perspective to each of his subsequent posts throughout Europe.

Barnes left Moscow to take over the Berlin, Germany bureau in 1935 and spent four years under the rule of Adolph Hitler. In March of 1939, just before the start of the Second World War, he was offered a position as head of the London bureau in England. In 1940, Barnes returned to Berlin to report on the war. On June 21, 1940 he was expelled from Berlin for a story that government censors found abrasive. Due to escalating tensions in Europe, a few weeks earlier on June 2, Esther, Joan, and Suzanne returned to New York from Dublin, Ireland, via the ship the U.S.S. Roosevelt.

Disheartened by his expulsion, Barnes questioned his ability to continue reporting. However, he did not give up his career, traveling from Berlin to Budapest, Hungary and then on to Bucharest, Romania and eventually Egypt. In Egypt, Barnes became an official war correspondent and was stationed with the British Army. When Italy invaded Greece, Barnes and the other correspondents accompanied the British forces to Greece on a warship. On November 17, 1940 Barnes was given permission to accompany the Royal Air Force (RAF) on a night raid. Weather conditions drove the plane off course, causing it to crash into a mountain range in Yugoslavia, killing all on board. Barnes was the first war correspondent to be killed in WWII. He was buried with military honors in Yugoslavia. Leland Stowe, a longtime friend and colleague of Barnes, wrote an obituary in which he quoted a war correspondent also assigned to the RAF, “Ralph always wanted to know everything about everything. He had to see for himself. He always asked more questions than the rest of us put together. Out in the desert he got interested in the stars, so he bought several books on astronomy as soon as he got back to Cairo. Of course, he was a veteran and we were lots of us younger than he, but he could never get over his enthusiasm.” Three years after his death, a Liberty ship was christened the S.S. Ralph Barnes in his honor.

Esther raised her two daughters in Salem and married Chester Downs in 1946. Esther died in 1985 and is buried in Salem, Oregon.

Geographic Place Names

Red Square (Moscow, Russia)

Quantity

3 linear feet

Content Description

The Ralph W. Barnes collection is arranged into four series: Series I. Ralph Barnes, 1918-1940

Series II. Esther Barnes, 1924-1940

Series III. E.T. Barnes, 1930-1940

and Series IV. Photographs, 1918-1943.

The collection contains letters, newspaper clippings, photographs, bound scrapbooks, passports, journals. There are also typed transcripts of Ralph and Esther Barnes’ letters.

Names

Barnes, Ralph W.

Barnes, Esther (1901-1985)

Duranty, Walter (1884-1957)

Franco, Francisco (1892-1975)

Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)

Lenin, Vladimir Il'ich (1870-1924)

Lindbergh, Charles Augustus (1902-1974)

Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945)

Notson, Robert C. (1902-1999)

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)

Stalin, Joseph (1879-1953)

Subject

Brooklyn daily eagle

New York herald tribune

New York Times Company Capitol Mall expansion, Salem, Oregon

Kristallnacht, 1938

Soviet Union- Economic policy- Five-year plan (1928-1932)

Soviet Union- Economic policy- Five-year plan, Second (1933-1937)

Willamette University

Journalism

Oregon

World War, 1914-1918 --United States

World War, 1939-1945 --United States

World War, 1939-1945 --European Theater

World War, 1939-1945 -Royal Air Force

Special Collections

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open to researchers.

Restrictions on Use

Library acts as “fair use” reproduction agent.; For further information, see the section on copyright in the Regulations and Procedures of the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library.; Copyright Information: Before material from collections at Willamette University Archives and Special Collections may be quoted in print, or otherwise reproduced, in whole or in part, in any publication, permission must be obtained from (1) the owner of the physical property, and (2) the holder of the copyright. It is the particular responsibility of the researcher to obtain both sets of permission. Persons wishing to quote from materials in any collections held by University Archives and Special Collections should consult the University Archivist. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original.

Collection

Finding Aids

Title

Ralph W. Barnes papers