In order to promote open access to research data, many funding agencies require research data produced as part of a funded project to be made publicly available. Many agencies have instituted requirements for data sharing and formal data management plans, including, but not limited to:
- National Science Foundation (NSF) Data Management Plan Requirements: As an extension of the NSF Data Sharing Policy, grant proposals must include a data management plan of no more than 2 pages describing how all data resulting from the research will be managed and deposited in a repository. Data underlying research papers must also comply with publisher data sharing policies. Note: requirements may evolve in line with the NSF Public Access Plan.
- National Institutes of Health: Data Sharing Policy: Supports the sharing of research data and expects researchers funded at $500,000 or more to include a data sharing plan in their grant proposals. For research in genomics, see the NIH Genomics Data Sharing Policy.
- The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Office of Digital Humanities requires data management plans as a part of grant applications for proposals and awards.